Understanding How Health Literacy Can Impact Engagement, Treatment, and Retention in Care
The In It Together Training of Trainers (ToT) curriculum is designed to increase understanding of how health literacy can impact engagement, treatment, and retention in care. The foundation of the curriculum is the belief that health literacy is a universal concern. When individuals and organizations use health literate tools and techniques, they create a safe and caring environment that encourages black MSM to seek treatment and stay in care. HIV health care professionals that practice health literate communication, and consider health literacy needs when designing services and materials, create an inclusive and stigma-free care environment.
Each of the ToT modules covers a health literacy area in detail, and will take approximately 90 minutes to complete.
The curriculum is designed to be delivered in a classroom setting to a group of people. But each ToT module can also be used as a tool for individuals to increase their understanding of health literacy.
The curriculum was not designed for a self-directed, online learning platform.
1. Introduction to Health Literacy
Participants will better understand the importance of health literacy and the significant effect limited health literacy has on health.
- Explain the importance of health literacy
- Discuss 3 ways in which limited health literacy affects health outcomes
- Identify at least 5 indicators that a patient may have limited health literacy
- Define the Universal Precautions approach to health literacy
2. Culture in Health Literacy
- Participants will increase their understanding of Black MSM culture, and how aspects of culture impact HIV health literacy
- Understand the expanded definition of culture as it relates to health organizations and individuals
- Discuss 3 specific aspects of Black MSM culture that may impact health literacy
- Identify 3 socio-economic aspects of life that can impact Black MSM culture
3. Health Literate Organizations
- Participants will increase their understanding of the attributes that are associated with health literate organizations and the steps they can take to create a health literate organization.
- Define a health literate organization
- Recall at least 3 attributes of a health literate organization and describe activities that support the attributes
- Explain a goal of a health literate organization
- Explain why health literate organizations are important to Black MSM
4. Strategies to Improve Written Communication
- Participants will recognize important moments in face-to-face communication, increase their awareness of barriers to effective face-to-face communication, and learn strategies to improve their face-to-face communication skills.
- Identify at least 3 barriers to face-to-face communication
- Implement at least 3 strategies to improve face-to-face communication
- Describe a care partnership
5. Strategies to Effectively Use Written Materials and Improve Written Instructions
- Participants will increase their awareness of strategies to improve their delivery of written instructions and written material.
- Explain how written material can be used to promote health literacy.
- Identify at least 3 factors to consider when selecting written material.
- Describe at least 3 tips for creating effective written material.
- Identify at least 2 strategies that make prescription instructions easier to understand.
6. Electronic Health Communication and eHealth Literacy
- Participants will better understand the social media landscape and will be able to identify social media platforms they can use to engage Black MSM.
- Define eHealth literacy
- Understand how electronic health literacy differs from traditional health literacy
- Explain how Black MSM engage with technology and the internet
7. Approaches to Promote Health Literacy
- Participants will be able to explain and demonstrate health literacy approaches that can be employed by health professionals to foster client understanding and action.
- Demonstrate how to verify client understanding using the “Teach-back approach”
- Recall the 3 questions that form the Ask Me 3™ approach
- Explain the Universal Precautions Approach to health literacy
8. In It Together National Health Literacy Project for Black MSM - Health Professionals Training
Participants will be able to deliver a 60-minute health literacy training to community organizations.